Peer-Reviewed Publications, Books & Book Chapters
(93) Chouinard-Thuly L, Reddon AR, Leris I, Earley RL & Reader SM (2017). Developmental plasticity of the stress response in female but not male guppies. Submitted to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B.
(92) Li CY, Curtis C & Earley RL (2017). Fighting your reflection: a new type of mirror test elicits behaviour that more accurately predicts performance against live opponents. Submitted to Animal Behaviour.
(91) Good C, Davidson J, Earley RL, Styga J & Summerfelt S (2017). The effects of ozonation on select waterborne steroid hormones in recirculation aquaculture systems containing sexually mature Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Submitted to Aquacultural Engineering.
(90) Fellous A, Labed-Veydert T, Voisin AS, Locrel M, Earley RL & Silvestre F (2017). Global DNA methylation patterns provide insight into epigenetic regulation in the self-fertilizing mangrove rivulus, Kryptolebias marmoratus. Submitted to Ecology and Evolution.
(89) James WR, Styga JM, White S, Marson KM & Earley RL (2017). Developmentally plastic responses to predation threat in the mangrove rivulus fish (Kryptolebias marmoratus): behavior and morphology. Submitted to Evolutionary Ecology.
(88) Flatt AA, Esco MR, Allen JR, Robinson JB, Earley RL, Fedewa MV, Bragg A, Keith CM & Wingo JE (2017). Heart rate variability and training load in American college football players throughout spring camp. Submitted to Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
(87) Tatarenkov A, Lima SMQ, Earley RL, Berbel-Filho WM, Vermeulen F, Taylor DS, Marson K, Turner BJ & Avise J (2017). Deep phylogeographic subdivisions in the self-fertilizing mangrove killifishes (Kryptolebias) revealed by nuclear and mtDNA markers. Submitted to Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.
(86) Li CY, Huang SP, Garcia M, Fuller A, Hsu Y & Earley RL (2017). Sexual phenotype drives variation in endocrine responses to social challenge in a clonal animal. Submitted to Royal Society Open Science.
(85) Lomax JL, Carlson RE, Wells JW, Crawford PM & Earley RL (2017). Factors affecting egg production in the selfing mangrove rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus). Zoology 122: 38-45.
(84) Clotfelter ED, Johnson EM, Anderson C & Earley RL (2017). Evidence for male alternative reproductive tactics in convict cichlids (Amatitlania siquia) in Lake Xiloa, Nicaragua. Environmental Biology of Fishes 100: 655-662.
(83) Hall E, Brady S, Mattheus N, Earley RL, Diamond M & Crespi E (2017). Physiological consequences of exposure to salinized roadside ponds on wood frog larvae and adults. Biological Conservation 209: 98-106.
(82) Martin LB, Ahn A, Earley RL, Ghalambor CK & Woods AH (2016). Editorial for Integrative and Comparative Biology. Integrative & Comparative Biology 56: 755-757.
(81) Voisin A-S, Fellous A, Earley RL & Silvestre F (2016). Delayed impacts of developmental exposure to 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol in the self-fertilizing fish Kryptolebias marmoratus. Aquatic Toxicology 180: 247-257.
(80) Kelley JL, Yee M-C, Brown AP, Richardson RR, Tatarenkov A, Lee CC, Harkins TT, Bustamante CD & Earley RL (2016). The genome of the self-fertilizing mangrove rivulus fish, Kryptolebias marmoratus: a model for studying phenotypic plasticity and adaptations to extreme environments. Genome Biology & Evolution 8: 2145-2154.
(79) Weinersmith KL & Earley RL (2016). Better with your parasites? Lessons from evolved dependence and conditionally helpful parasites for behavioural ecology. Animal Behaviour 118: 123-133.
(78) Scarsella G, Duque K, Wong S, Sivaraman B & Earley RL (2016). Hormonal responses to non-contact aggression in convict cichlid fish. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 325: 219-230.
(77) Anderson C, Jones R, Moscicki M, Clotfelter E & Earley RL (2016). Seeing orange: breeding convict cichlids exhibit heightened aggression against more colorful intruders. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 70: 647-657.
(76) Garcia MJ, Ferro JM, Mattox T, Kopelic S, Marson K, Jones R, Svendsen JC & Earley RL (2016). Phenotypic differences between the sexes in the sexually plastic mangrove rivulus fish (Kryptolebias marmoratus). Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 988-997. Bonus - Inside JEB Feature on this article!
(75) Weinersmith KL, Hanninen AF, Sih A, McElreath R & Earley RL (2016). The relationship between handling time and cortisol release rates changes as a function of brain parasite densities in California killifish. Journal of Fish Biology 88: 1125-1142.
(74) Johnson EL, Weinersmith KL & Earley RL (2016). Changes in reproductive physiology of mangrove rivulus Kryptolebias marmoratus following exposure to environmentally relevant doses of ethinyl oestradiol. Journal of Fish Biology 88: 774-786.
(73) Foster SA, Wund MA, Graham ME, Earley RL & Baker JA (2015). Iterative development and the scope for plasticity: insights from an adaptive radiation. Heredity 115, 335–348.
(72) Ligocki IY, Earley RL, Hellmann JK & Hamilton IM (2015). Variation in glucocorticoid levels in relation to direct and third-party interactions in a social fish. Physiology & Behavior 151: 386-394.
(71) Garcia MJ, Williams J, Sinderman B & Earley RL (2015). Ready for a fight? The physiological effects of detecting an opponent’s pheromone cues prior to a contest. Physiology & Behavior 149: 1-7.
(70) Tatarenkov A, Earley RL, Perlman BM, Taylor DS, Turner BJ & Avise JC (2015). Genetic subdivision and variation in selfing rates among Central American populations of the mangrove rivulus, Kryptolebias marmoratus. Journal of Heredity 106: 276-284.
(69) Wofford SJ, Earley RL & Moore PA (2015). Evidence for assessment disappears in mixed sex contests of the crayfish, Orconectes virilis. Behaviour 152: 995-1018.
(68) Kolluru GR, Walz J, Hanninen AF, Downey K, Kalbach B, Gupta S & Earley RL (2015). Exploring behavioral and hormonal flexibility across light environments in guppies from low-predation populations. Behaviour 152: 963-993.
(67) Boulton K, Couto E, Grimmer AJ, Earley RL, Canario A, Wilson AJ & Walling CA (2015). How integrated are behavioural and endocrine stress response traits? A repeated measures approach to testing the stress coping style model. Ecology and Evolution 5: 618-633.
(66) Anderson C, Wong SC, Fuller A, Zigelsky K & Earley RL (2015). Carotenoid-based coloration is associated with predation risk, competition, and breeding status in female convict cichlid fish (Amatitlania siquia) under field conditions. Environmental Biology of Fishes 98: 1005-1013.
(65) Mesak F, Tatarenkov A, Earley RL & Avise JC (2014). Hundreds of SNPs versus dozens of SSRs: which dataset better characterizes natural "clonal" lineages in a self-fertilizing fish? Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2: 74.
(64) Li CY, Earley RL, Huang SP & Hsu Y (2014). Fighting experience alters brain androgen receptor expression dependent on testosterone status. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 281: 20141532.
(63) Hoss SK, Garcia MJ, Earley RL & Clark RW (2014). Fine-scale hormonal patterns associated with parturition and maternal attendance of neonates in the cottonmouth, Agkistrodon piscivorous. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 208: 85-93.
(62) Elwood RW, Stoilova V, McDonnell A, Earley RL & Arnott G (2014). Do mirrors reflect reality in agonistic encounters? A test of mutual cooperation in displays. Animal Behaviour, 97: 63-67.
(61) Hofmann HA, Beery AK, Blumstein DT, Couzin ID, Earley RL, Hayes LD, Hurd PL, Lacey EA, Solomon NG, Taborsky M, Young LJ & Rubenstein DR (2014). An evolutionary framework for studying mechanisms of social behavior. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29: 581-589.
(60) Good C, Davidson J, Earley RL, Lee EA & Summerfelt S (2014). The impact of water exchange rate and biofiltration on circulating hormones in water recirculation aquaculture systems containing sexually maturing Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 5: 5.
(59) Garcia MJ, Murphree J, Wilson J & Earley RL (2014). Mechanisms of decision making during contests in green anole lizards: prior experience and assessment. Animal Behaviour 92: 45-54.
(58) Mitchell DL, Fernandez AA, Garcia R, Paniker L, Lin K, Hanninen A, Zigelsky K, May M, Nuttall, M, Lo H, Person MD & Earley RL (2014). Acute exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation modulates sex steroid hormones and their receptors in the skin and may contribute to the gender-bias of melanoma. Pigment Cell and Melanoma Research 27: 408-417.
(57) Jellen BC, Graham SP, Earley RL & Aldridge RD (2014). Oestrous in a secretive species: endogenous estradiol varies throughout the shed cycle and influences attractiveness in wild northern watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon). Behaviour 151: 403-419.
(56) Earley RL (2013) Instructor’s Manual to accompany Principles of Animal Behavior (3rd Edition) by Lee Alan Dugatkin, W.W. Norton & Co. 229 pp.
(55) Earley RL & Hsu Y (2013). Contest behaviour in fishes. In: Animal Contests (eds. I.C.W. Hardy & M. Briffa). Cambridge University Press, pp. 199-227.
(54) Earley RL, Lee IH, Lu CK, Wong SC, Li CY & Hsu Y (2013). Winner and loser effects are modulated by hormonal states. Frontiers in Zoology, 10:6.
(53) Lorenzi V, Earley RL & Grober MS (2012). Differential responses of brain, gonad and muscle steroid levels to changes in social status and sex in a sequential and bidirectional hermaphroditic fish. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51158.
(52) Boulton K, Sinderman B, Pearce MR, Earley RL & Wilson AJ (2012). He who dares only sometimes wins: physiological stress and contest behaviour in Xiphophorus helleri. Behaviour 149: 977-1002.
(51) Earley RL, Hanninen AF, Fuller A, Garcia MJ & Lee EA (2012). Phenotypic plasticity and integration in the mangrove rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus). A prospectus. Integrative & Comparative Biology 52: 814-827.
(50) Chang C, Li CY, Earley RL & Hsu Y (2012). Aggression and related traits: the impact of winning and losing and the role of hormones. Integrative & Comparative Biology 52: 801-813.
(49) Kelley JL, Lee C, Yee MC, Levandowsky E, Shah M, Harkins T, Earley RL & Bustamante CD (2012). The possibility of de novo genome assembly and population genetics of the fish Kryptolebias marmoratus. Integrative & Comparative Biology 52: 737-742.
(48) Tatarenkov A, Earley RL, Taylor DS & Avise JC (2012). Microevolutionary distribution of isogenicity in a self-fertilizing fish (Kryptolebias marmoratus) in the Florida Keys. Integrative & Comparative Biology 52: 743-752.
(47) Archard GA, Earley RL, Hanninen AF & Braithwaite VA (2012). Correlated behaviour and stress physiology in fish exposed to different levels of predation pressure. Functional Ecology 26: 637-645.
(46) Garcia MJ, Sivaraman B, Paiva L, Lennox M, Wong SC & Earley RL (2012). Effects of fighting experience on future contest success in the green anole (Anolis carolinensis). Ethology 118: 821-834.
(45) Graham SP, Earley RL & Mendonça MT (2011). Innate immune performance and steroid hormone profiles of pregnant versus nonpregnant cottonmouth snakes (Agkistrodon piscivorous). General & Comparative Endocrinology 174: 348-353.
(44) Turko AJ, Earley RL & Wright PA (2011). Behaviour drives morphology: voluntary emersion patterns shape gill structure in genetically identical individuals of the self-fertilizing mangrove rivulus, Kryptolebias marmoratus. Animal Behaviour, 82: 39-47.
(43) Copeland DL, Levay B, Sivaraman B, Beebe-Fugloni C & Earley RL (2011). Metabolic costs of fighting are driven by contest performance in male convict cichlid fish. Animal Behavior, 82: 271-280.
(42) Hsu Y, Earley RL, Wolf LL (2011). Aggressive Behaviour in Fishes: Integrating Information on Contest Costs. In: Fish Cognition and Behaviour, 2nd edition (eds., C. Brown, K. N. Laland & J. Krause). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Pp. 108-134.
(41) Hoss S, Schuett GW, Earley RL & Smith LL (2011). Reproduction in male Eastern diamond-backed rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus): seasonal relationship of plasma testosterone to dimension changes of the testis/kidney and mating season. Southeastern Naturalist 10: 95-108.
(40) Earley RL (2010). Social eavesdropping and the evolution of conditional cooperation and cheating strategies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 365: 2675-2686.
(39) Earley RL & Dugatkin LA (2010) Behavior in groups. In: Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology (eds. D.F. Westneat & C.W. Fox). Oxford University Press, pp. 285-307.
(38) Smith CF, Schuett GW, Earley RL & Schwenk K (2009). The spatial and reproductive ecology of the copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) at the northeastern extreme of its range. Herpetological Monographs, 23: 45-73.
(37) Lorenzi V, Carpenter RE, Summers CH, Earley RL & Grober MS (2009). Serotonin, social status and sex change in the bluebanded goby Lythrypnus dalli. Physiology & Behavior, 97: 476-483.
(36) Schuett GW, Reiserer RS & Earley RL (2009). The evolution of bipedal postures in varanoid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 97: 652-663.
(35) Barnett L, Earley RL, Ebert D & Calliet G (2009). Maturity, fecundity, and reproductive cycle of the white-spotted ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei. Marine Biology 156: 301-316.
(34) Earley RL (2009) Instructor’s Manual to accompany Principles of Animal Behavior (2nd Edition) by Lee Alan Dugatkin, W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN: 978-0-393-93306-2
(33) Graham SP, Earley RL, Hoss SK, Schuett GW & Grober MS (2008). The reproductive biology of male cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorous): do plasma steroid hormones predict the mating season? General and Comparative Endocrinology 159: 226-235.
(32) Wong S, Dykstra M, Campbell J, Earley RL (2008). Measuring water-borne cortisol in convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata): is the procedure a stressor? Behaviour 145: 1283-1305.
(31) Scott AP, Hirschenhauser K, Bender N, Oliveira RF, Earley RL, Sebire M, Ellis T, Pavlidis M, Hubbard P, Huertas M & Canario AVM (2008). Non-invasive measurement of steroids in fish holding water: important considerations when applying the procedure to behaviour studies. Behaviour 145: 1307-1328.
(30) Earley RL & Hsu Y. (2008). Reciprocity between endocrine state and contest behavior in the killifish, Kryptolebias marmoratus. Hormones & Behavior 53: 442-451.
(29) Smith CF, Schwenk K, Earley RL, Schuett GW (2008). Sexual dimorphism of the tongue in a North American pitviper. Journal of Zoology 274: 367-374.
(28) Reiserer RS, Schuett GW & Earley RL (2008). Dynamic aggregations of newborn sibling rattlesnakes exhibit stable thermoregulatory properties. Journal of Zoology 274: 277-283.
(27) Lorenzi V, Earley RL, Pepper DR & Grober MS (2008). Diurnal patterns of cortisol, 11-ketotestosterone, testosterone, and estradiol in the bluebanded goby (Lythrypnus dalli). General and Comparative Endocrinology 155: 438-446
(26) Rodgers EW, Earley RL & Grober MS (2007). Social status determines the expression of sexual phenotype in the bi-directional sex changing bluebanded goby (Lythrypnus dalli). Journal of Fish Biology 70: 1660-1668.
(25) Bonnie KE & Earley RL (2007). Expanding the scope of social information use. Animal Behaviour 74: 171-181.
(24) Attum O, Carranza S, Baha El Din, S, Earley RL, Arnold EN, Kingsbury E. (2007). An evaluation of the taxonomic validity of Testudo werneri. Amphibia-Reptilia 28: 393-401.
(23) Earley RL & Dugatkin LA (2006). Merging social hierarchies: effects on dominance rank in male green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri). Behavioural Processes 73: 290-298.
(22) Hsu Y, Earley RL, Wolf LL (2006). Modulating aggression through experience. In: Fish Cognition and Behaviour (eds., C. Brown, K. N. Laland & J. Krause). Blackwell Publishing Ltd., pp. 96-113.
(21) Schuett GW, Repp RA, Taylor EN, DeNardo DF, Earley RL, Van Kirk EA & Murdoch MJ. (2006). Winter profile of plasma sex steroid levels in wild male western diamond-backed rattlesnakes, Crotalus atrox (Serpentes, Viperidae). General and Comparative Endocrinology 149: 72-80.
(20) Earley RL (2006). Xiphophorus: carving a niche towards a broader understanding of aggression and dominance. Zebrafish, 3: 287-298.
(19) Earley RL, Edwards JT, Aseem O, Felton K, Blumer LS, Karom M & Grober MS (2006). Social interactions tune aggression and stress responsiveness in a territorial cichlid fish (Archocentrus nigrofasciatus). Physiology & Behavior, 88: 353-363.
(18) Rodgers EW, Earley RL & Grober MS (2006). Elevated 11-ketotestosterone during parental behavior in the bluebanded goby (Lythrypnus dalli). Hormones & Behavior, 49: 610-614.
(17) Lorenzi V, Earley RL & Grober MS. (2006). Preventing behavioral interactions with a male facilitates protogynous sex change in female bluebanded gobies (Lythrypnus dalli). Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology, 59: 715-722.
(16) Hsu YY, Earley RL & Wolf LL. (2006). Modulation of aggressive behavior by fighting experience: mechanisms and contest outcomes. Biological Reviews, 81: 33-74.
(15) Dzieweczynski T, Earley RL , Greene T & Rowland WJ. (2005). Audience effect is context-dependent in Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens. Behavioral Ecology 16: 1025-1030.
(14) Schuett GW, Hardy Sr. DL , Earley RL & Greene HW. (2005). Does prey size induce head skeleton phenotypic plasticity during early ontogeny in the snake Boa constrictor? Journal of Zoology, London 267: 363-369.
(13) Schuett GW, Hardy Sr. DL, Greene HW, Earley RL, Grober MS, Van Kirk EA & Murdoch WJ (2005). Sympatric rattlesnakes with contrasting mating systems show differences in seasonal patterns of plasma sex steroids. Animal Behaviour, 70: 257-266.
(12) Earley RL, Druen M & Dugatkin LA (2005) Watching fights does not alter a bystander’s response toward naïve conspecifics in male green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri). Animal Behaviour 69: 1139-1145.
(11) Earley RL & Dugatkin LA. (2005) Three poeciliid pillars: fighting, mating, and networking. In: Animal Communication Networks. (ed., PK McGregor). Cambridge University Press, pp. 84-113.
(10) Dugatkin LA & Earley RL (2004). Individual recognition, dominance hierarchies, and winner and loser effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 271: 1537-1540.
(9) Earley RL, Blumer L & Grober MS (2004). The gall of subordination: changes in gallbladder function associated with social stress. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 271: 7-13.
(8) Earley RL (2004). Instructor’s Manual to accompany Principles of Animal Behavior (1st Edition) by Lee Alan Dugatkin, W.W. Norton & Co., ISBN 0-393-92464-5.
(7) Brosnan SF, Earley RL & Dugatkin LA (2003). Observational learning and predator inspection in guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Ethology, 109: 823-834.
(6) Earley RL, Tinsley M & Dugatkin LA (2003). To see or not to see: does previewing a future opponent affect the contest behavior of green swordtail males (Xiphophorus helleri)? Naturwissenschaften 90: 226-230.
(5) Dugatkin LA & Earley RL (2003). Group fusion: the impact of winner, loser, and bystander effects on hierarchy formation in large groups. Behavioral Ecology 14: 367-373.
(4) Earley RL, Attum O & Eason P. (2002). Varanid combat: perspectives from game theory. Amphibia-Reptilia 23(4): 469-485.
(3) Earley RL & Dugatkin LA (2002). Eavesdropping on visual cues in swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri) fights – a case for networking. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 269: 943 952.
(2) Earley RL, Hsu Y & Wolf LL (2000). The use of standard aggression testing methods to predict combat behaviour and contest outcome in Rivulus marmoratus dyads (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Ethology, 106: 743-761.
(1) Attum O, Earley RL, Bayless M & Eason P (2000) The agonistic behavior of Bosc's monitors (Varanus exanthematicus, Bosc 1792) in captivity. Herpetological Bulletin 73: 22-26.
(2) Earley RL (2006). Wee guppies pack an evolutionary punch. A book review of Anne E. Magurran’s Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy (Oxford University Press, New York, 206 p.). Ecology, 87: 2682-2683.
(1) Earley RL (2000). A book review of Christopher Boehm's Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior (1999, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 292 p. American Scientist (March-April Edition).
Publications Featured in:
(8) The Scientist (10/19/14)
(7) Nature News (10/18/14)
(6) St. Petersburg Times Floridian Online 1/5/04
(5) Times of India 1/12/04
(4) BBC Wildlife Magazine 2/04
(3) CBN Synapse 2/04
(2) New Scientist volume 173; p. 32
(1) Louisville’s Courier Journal newspaper 10/02.
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